~$ sudo apt-get


For a lack of LSOF

by on Aug.28, 2012, under Linux

When you have to deal with system that lacks lsof and cannot be easily installed, you can run the following to show information regarding currently open file handlers.

ls -l `ls -l /proc/*/fd/ 2>/dev/null | grep ">" | cut -d ">" -f 2 | grep "/" | sort | uniq`

If the culprit of disk space usage has already been deleted, you’ll find the following in your output.

ls: /var/log/openvswitch/ovs-vswitchd.log.1: No such file or directory
ls: (deleted): No such file or directory


Teran came up with the following.

for file in `ls -l /proc/*/fd/* | grep deleted | awk '{print $9}'`; do echo -n "$file "; ls -l $file | awk '{print $11}' | tr -d '\n'; stat -L $file | grep Size; done

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Error accessing XVP java console

by on Aug.04, 2012, under Linux

If you see
Network Error: sun.security.validator.ValidatorException: PKIX path building failed: sun.security.provider.certpath.SunCertPathBuilder
when attempting to connect to an XVP console, update your SSL crt/key, restart (apache|nginx) and stunnel.

More information can be found here.
XVP troubleshooting guide

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Unable to connect to Xen Console

by on Mar.29, 2011, under Linux

If you encounter the following error when trying to connect to an instance with Xen, xenconsoled is not running.

xenconsole: Could not read tty from store: No such file or directory

To rectify, start /usr/sbin/xenconsoled.

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Display configuration options for an RPM

by on Mar.31, 2010, under Linux

rpm -q --queryformat="%{NAME}: %{OPTFLAGS}\n" packagename

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Fast large file finder

by on Jan.20, 2010, under Linux

The following will display all files over 100MB in size on the server except for those in /proc.

find / -path /proc -prune -o -type f -size +102400k -printf "%s %h/%f\n" | sort -rn -k1 | head -n 50 | awk '{ print $1/1048576 "MB" " " $2}'

For a specific case, multiple paths.

find / -path /images -prune -o -path /var/run/sr-mount -prune -o -path /proc -prune -o -type f -size +102400k -printf "%s %h/%f\n" | sort -rn -k1 | head -n 50 | awk '{ print $1/1048576 "MB" " " $2}'

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Urchin : Unable to retrieve local file listing / Permission denied

by on Dec.10, 2009, under Apache, Linux

A common issue with occurs when apache is updated. Red Hat Enterprise Linux will revert /var/log/httpd to 0755 with root:root as ownership resulting in the following error.

WARNING: (****-****-****) Unable to retrieve local file listing
DETAIL: /var/log/httpd/access_log : Permission denied

A temporary fix until the next apache update, which are few and far between, is to ‘chmod 0755 /var/log/httpd’. Then ensure the current access logs are readable to the urchin user, 0644 should work. A permanent work around is to specify a log directory that will not be touched by the httpd rpm and give urchin sufficient permissions to access it.

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Display Physical Memory in Server

by on Nov.13, 2009, under Linux, Server

The following is useful in the event that the wrong version (32 vs 64bit) of linux or non-SMP/PAE kernel is installed and you’d like to verify how much RAM physically is in the server.

dmidecode | awk '/\tSize: [0-9]+ MB/ {SUM=SUM+$2} END {print SUM}'

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Force SSL with mod_rewrite

by on Oct.15, 2009, under Apache, Linux

Create a .htaccess within the document root with the following.

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} 80
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://www.example.com/$1 [R,L]

You must ensure AllowOverride is set to All within the apache configuration or it will not read the .htaccess.

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Parse single table from mysqldump

by on Oct.08, 2009, under Linux

If you wish to pull a single table from a large mysqldump, the following commands will accomplish this.

# grep -n "CREATE TABLE" databasedump.sql

If the table you want starts on line 100, and the proceeding table is on line 150, run the following commands to parse the dump.

# head -n 142 databasedump.sql > parsed.sql

# tail -n 100 parsed.sql > table.sql

Do not use the exact line number returned from grep as you will have the create table statement from the next table.

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Display SAN information with powermt

by on May.28, 2009, under Linux, Server

powermt display dev=all

This will display all information relevant to connected SAN devices.

# powermt
powermt [class=all|clariion|ess|hitachi|hphsx|hpxp|invista|symm]

powermt check [force] [hba=|all] [dev=|all]
powermt check_registration
powermt config
powermt disable hba=
powermt display nonvirtual {dev=|all} [every=<#seconds>] [class=invista|all]
powermt display [ports] [dev=|all] [every=<#seconds>]
powermt display hba_mode
powermt display latency [dev=|all] [every=<#seconds>]
powermt display options
powermt display paths [every=<#seconds>] [width=<#col>]
powermt display port_mode
powermt display unmanaged
powermt enable hba=
powermt load [file=]
powermt manage {dev= | class=}
powermt release
powermt remove [force] hba=|all | dev=|all
powermt restore [hba=|all] [dev=|all]
powermt save [file=]
powermt set mode=active|standby [hba=|all] [dev=|all]
powermt set path_latency_monitor=on|off
powermt set path_latency_threshold=
powermt set periodic_autorestore=on|off
powermt set policy={ad|bf|co|lb|li|nr|re|rr|so} [dev=|all]
powermt set port_disable={true|false} dev=
powermt set priority= [dev=|all]
powermt unmanage {dev= | class=}
powermt update lun_names
powermt version

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